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Japan (Japanese: 日本, Nippon [ɲippoꜜɴ] (About this soundlisten) or Nihon [ɲihoꜜɴ] (About this soundlisten)) is an island country in East Asia, located in the northwest Pacific Ocean. It is bordered on the west by the Sea of Japan, and extends from the Sea of Okhotsk in the north toward the East China Sea and Taiwan in the south. Part of the Ring of Fire, Japan spans an archipelago of 6852 islands covering 377,975 square kilometers (145,937 sq mi); the five main islands are Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu, and Okinawa. Tokyo is Japan's capital and largest city; other major cities include Yokohama, Osaka, Nagoya, Sapporo, Fukuoka, Kobe, and Kyoto.

Japan is the eleventh-most populous country in the world, as well as one of the most densely populated and urbanized. About three-fourths of the country's terrain is mountainous, concentrating its population of 125.36 million on narrow coastal plains. Japan is divided into 47 administrative prefectures and eight traditional regions. The Greater Tokyo Area is the most populous metropolitan area in the world, with more than 37.4 million residents.

Japan has been inhabited since the Upper Paleolithic period (30,000 BC), though the first mentions of the archipelago appear in Chinese chronicles from the 1st century AD. Between the 4th and 9th centuries, the kingdoms of Japan became unified under an emperor and his imperial court based in Heian-kyō. Beginning in the 12th century, political power was held by a series of military dictators (shōgun) and feudal lords (daimyō), and enforced by a class of warrior nobility (samurai). After a century-long period of civil war, the country was reunified in 1603 under the Tokugawa shogunate, which enacted an isolationist foreign policy. In 1854, a United States fleet forced Japan to open trade to the West, which led to the end of the shogunate and the restoration of imperial power in 1868. In the Meiji period, the Empire of Japan adopted a Western-styled constitution and pursued a program of industrialization and modernization. In 1937, Japan invaded China; in 1941, it entered World War II as an Axis power. After suffering defeat in the Pacific War and two atomic bombings, Japan surrendered in 1945 and came under a seven-year Allied occupation, during which it adopted a new constitution. Since 1947, Japan has maintained a unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy with a bicameral legislature, the National Diet.

Japan is a great power and a member of numerous international organizations, including the United Nations (since 1956), the OECD, and the Group of Seven. Although it has renounced its right to declare war, the country maintains Self-Defense Forces that are ranked as the world's fourth-most powerful military. After World War II, Japan experienced record economic growth, becoming the second-largest economy in the world by 1990. As of 2021, the country's economy is the third-largest by nominal GDP and the fourth-largest by PPP. A leader in the automotive and electronics industries, Japan has made significant contributions to science and technology. Ranked "very high" on the Human Development Index, Japan has the world's highest life expectancy, though it is experiencing a decline in population. The culture of Japan is well known around the world, including its art, cuisine, music, and popular culture, which encompasses prominent animation and video game industries.

The name for Japan in Japanese is written using the kanji 日本 and pronounced Nippon or Nihon. Before it was adopted in the early 8th century, the country was known in China as Wa () and in Japan by the endonym Yamato. Nippon, the original Sino-Japanese reading of the characters, is favored for official uses, including on banknotes and postage stamps. Nihon is typically used in everyday speech and reflects shifts in Japanese phonology during the Edo period. The characters 日本 mean "sun origin". It is the source of the popular Western epithet "Land of the Rising Sun".

The name Japan is based on the Chinese pronunciation and was introduced to European languages through early trade. In the 13th century, Marco Polo recorded the early Mandarin or Wu Chinese pronunciation of the characters 日本國 as Cipangu. The old Malay name for Japan, Japang or Japun, was borrowed from a southern coastal Chinese dialect and encountered by Portuguese traders in Southeast Asia, who brought the word to Europe in the early 16th century. The first version of the name in English appears in a book published in 1577, which spelled the name as Giapan in a translation of a 1565 Portuguese letter.

A Paleolithic culture from around 30,000 BC constitutes the first known habitation of the islands of Japan. This was followed from around 14,500 BC (the start of the Jōmon period) by a Mesolithic to Neolithic semi-sedentary hunter-gatherer culture characterized by pit dwelling and rudimentary agriculture. Clay vessels from the period are among the oldest surviving examples of pottery. From around 1000 BC, Yayoi people began to enter the archipelago from Kyushu, intermingling with the Jōmon; the Yayoi period saw the introduction of practices including wet-rice farming, a new style of pottery, and metallurgy from China and Korea. According to legend, Emperor Jimmu (grandson of Amaterasu) founded a kingdom in central Japan in 660 BC, beginning a continuous imperial line.

Japan first appears in written history in the Chinese Book of Han, completed in 111 AD. Buddhism was introduced to Japan from Baekje (a Korean kingdom) in 552, but the development of Japanese Buddhism was primarily influenced by China. Despite early resistance, Buddhism was promoted by the ruling class, including figures like Prince Shōtoku, and gained widespread acceptance beginning in the Asuka period (592–710).

The far-reaching Taika Reforms in 645 nationalized all land in Japan, to be distributed equally among cultivators, and ordered the compilation of a household registry as the basis for a new system of taxation. The Jinshin War of 672, a bloody conflict between Prince Ōama and his nephew Prince Ōtomo, became a major catalyst for further administrative reforms. These reforms culminated with the promulgation of the Taihō Code, which consolidated existing statutes and established the structure of the central and subordinate local governments. These legal reforms created the ritsuryō state, a system of Chinese-style centralized government that remained in place for half a millennium.

The Nara period (710–784) marked the emergence of a Japanese state centered on the Imperial Court in Heijō-kyō (modern Nara). The period is characterized by the appearance of a nascent literary culture with the completion of the Kojiki (712) and Nihon Shoki (720), as well as the development of Buddhist-inspired artwork and architecture. A smallpox epidemic in 735–737 is believed to have killed as much as one-third of Japan's population. In 784, Emperor Kanmu moved the capital, settling on Heian-kyō (modern Kyoto) in 794. This marked the beginning of the Heian period (794–1185), during which a distinctly indigenous Japanese culture emerged. Murasaki Shikibu's The Tale of Genji and the lyrics of Japan's national anthem "Kimigayo" were written during this time.

Japan's feudal era was characterized by the emergence and dominance of a ruling class of warriors, the samurai. In 1185, following the defeat of the Taira clan in the Genpei War, samurai Minamoto no Yoritomo established a military government at Kamakura. After Yoritomo's death, the Hōjō clan came to power as regents for the shōguns. The Zen school of Buddhism was introduced from China in the Kamakura period (1185–1333) and became popular among the samurai class. The Kamakura shogunate repelled Mongol invasions in 1274 and 1281 but was eventually overthrown by Emperor Go-Daigo. Go-Daigo was defeated by Ashikaga Takauji in 1336, beginning the Muromachi period (1336–1573). The succeeding Ashikaga shogunate failed to control the feudal warlords (daimyōs) and a civil war began in 1467, opening the century-long Sengoku period ("Warring States").

During the 16th century, Portuguese traders and Jesuit missionaries reached Japan for the first time, initiating direct commercial and cultural exchange between Japan and the West. Oda Nobunaga used European technology and firearms to conquer many other daimyōs; his consolidation of power began what was known as the Azuchi–Momoyama period. After the death of Nobunaga in 1582, his successor Toyotomi Hideyoshi unified the nation in the early 1590s and launched two unsuccessful invasions of Korea in 1592 and 1597.

Tokugawa Ieyasu served as regent for Hideyoshi's son Toyotomi Hideyori and used his position to gain political and military support. When open war broke out, Ieyasu defeated rival clans in the Battle of Sekigahara in 1600. He was appointed shōgun by Emperor Go-Yōzei in 1603 and established the Tokugawa shogunate at Edo (modern Tokyo). The shogunate enacted measures including buke shohatto, as a code of conduct to control the autonomous daimyōs, and in 1639 the isolationist sakoku ("closed country") policy that spanned the two and a half centuries of tenuous political unity known as the Edo period (1603–1868). Modern Japan's economic growth began in this period, resulting in roads and water transportation routes, as well as financial instruments such as futures contracts, banking and insurance of the Osaka rice brokers. The study of Western sciences (rangaku) continued through contact with the Dutch enclave in Nagasaki. The Edo period gave rise to kokugaku ("national studies"), the study of Japan by the Japanese.

In 1854, Commodore Matthew Perry and the "Black Ships" of the United States Navy forced the opening of Japan to the outside world with the Convention of Kanagawa. Subsequent similar treaties with other Western countries brought economic and political crises. The resignation of the shōgun led to the Boshin War and the establishment of a centralized state nominally unified under the emperor (the Meiji Restoration). Adopting Western political, judicial, and military institutions, the Cabinet organized the Privy Council, introduced the Meiji Constitution, and assembled the Imperial Diet. During the Meiji era (1868–1912), the Empire of Japan emerged as the most developed nation in Asia and as an industrialized world power that pursued military conflict to expand its sphere of influence. After victories in the First Sino-Japanese War (1894–1895) and the Russo-Japanese War (1904–1905), Japan gained control of Taiwan, Korea and the southern half of Sakhalin. The Japanese population doubled from 35 million in 1873 to 70 million by 1935, with a significant shift to urbanization.

The early 20th century saw a period of Taishō democracy (1912–1926) overshadowed by increasing expansionism and militarization. World War I allowed Japan, which joined the side of the victorious Allies, to capture German possessions in the Pacific and in China. The 1920s saw a political shift towards statism, a period of lawlessness following the 1923 Great Tokyo Earthquake, the passing of laws against political dissent, and a series of attempted coups. This process accelerated during the 1930s, spawning a number of radical nationalist groups that shared a hostility to liberal democracy and a dedication to expansion in Asia. In 1931, Japan invaded and occupied Manchuria; following international condemnation of the occupation, it resigned from the League of Nations two years later. In 1936, Japan signed the Anti-Comintern Pact with Nazi Germany; the 1940 Tripartite Pact made it one of the Axis Powers.

The Empire of Japan invaded other parts of China in 1937, precipitating the Second Sino-Japanese War (1937–1945). In 1940, the Empire invaded French Indochina, after which the United States placed an oil embargo on Japan. On December 7–8, 1941, Japanese forces carried out surprise attacks on Pearl Harbor, as well as on British forces in Malaya, Singapore, and Hong Kong, among others, beginning World War II in the Pacific. Throughout areas occupied by Japan during the war, numerous abuses were committed against local inhabitants, with many forced into sexual slavery. After Allied victories during the next four years, which culminated in the Soviet invasion of Manchuria and the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki in 1945, Japan agreed to an unconditional surrender. The war cost Japan its colonies and millions of lives. The Allies (led by the United States) repatriated millions of Japanese settlers from their former colonies and military camps throughout Asia, largely eliminating the Japanese empire and its influence over the territories it conquered. The Allies convened the International Military Tribunal for the Far East to prosecute Japanese leaders for war crimes.

In 1947, Japan adopted a new constitution emphasizing liberal democratic practices. The Allied occupation ended with the Treaty of San Francisco in 1952, and Japan was granted membership in the United Nations in 1956. A period of record growth propelled Japan to become the second-largest economy in the world; this ended in the mid-1990s after the popping of an asset price bubble, beginning the "Lost Decade". On March 11, 2011, Japan suffered one of the largest earthquakes in its recorded history, triggering the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear disaster. On May 1, 2019, after the historic abdication of Emperor Akihito, his son Naruhito became Emperor, beginning the Reiwa era.

Japan comprises 6852 islands extending along the Pacific coast of Asia. It stretches over 3000 km (1900 mi) northeast–southwest from the Sea of Okhotsk to the East China Sea. The county's five main islands, from north to south, are Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu and Okinawa. The Ryukyu Islands, which include Okinawa, are a chain to the south of Kyushu. The Nanpō Islands are south and east of the main islands of Japan. Together they are often known as the Japanese archipelago. As of 2019, Japan's territory is 377,975.24 km2 (145,937.06 sq mi). Japan has the sixth longest coastline in the world at 29,751 km (18,486 mi). Because of its far-flung outlying islands, Japan has the sixth largest Exclusive Economic Zone in the world, covering 4,470,000 km2 (1,730,000 sq mi).

Because of its mountainous terrain, approximately 67% of Japan's land is uninhabitable. The habitable zones, mainly in coastal areas, have extremely high population densities: Japan is one of the most densely populated countries. As of 2014, approximately 0.5% of Japan's total area is reclaimed land (umetatechi).

Japan is substantially prone to earthquakes, tsunami and volcanoes because of its location along the Pacific Ring of Fire. It has the 17th highest natural disaster risk as measured in the 2016 World Risk Index. Japan has 111 active volcanoes. Destructive earthquakes, often resulting in tsunami, occur several times each century; the 1923 Tokyo earthquake killed over 140,000 people. More recent major quakes are the 1995 Great Hanshin earthquake and the 2011 Tōhoku earthquake, which triggered a large tsunami.

The climate of Japan is predominantly temperate but varies greatly from north to south. The northernmost region, Hokkaido, has a humid continental climate with long, cold winters and very warm to cool summers. Precipitation is not heavy, but the islands usually develop deep snowbanks in the winter.

In the Sea of Japan region on Honshu's west coast, northwest winter winds bring heavy snowfall during winter. In the summer, the region sometimes experiences extremely hot temperatures because of the foehn. The Central Highland has a typical inland humid continental climate, with large temperature differences between summer and winter. The mountains of the Chūgoku and Shikoku regions shelter the Seto Inland Sea from seasonal winds, bringing mild weather year-round.

The Pacific coast features a humid subtropical climate that experiences milder winters with occasional snowfall and hot, humid summers because of the southeast seasonal wind. The Ryukyu and Nanpō Islands have a subtropical climate, with warm winters and hot summers. Precipitation is very heavy, especially during the rainy season. The main rainy season begins in early May in Okinawa, and the rain front gradually moves north. In late summer and early autumn, typhoons often bring heavy rain. According to the Environment Ministry, heavy rainfall and increasing temperatures have caused problems in the agricultural industry and elsewhere. The highest temperature ever measured in Japan, 41.1 °C (106.0 °F), was recorded on July 23, 2018, and repeated on August 17, 2020.

Japan has nine forest ecoregions which reflect the climate and geography of the islands. They range from subtropical moist broadleaf forests in the Ryūkyū and Bonin Islands, to temperate broadleaf and mixed forests in the mild climate regions of the main islands, to temperate coniferous forests in the cold, winter portions of the northern islands. Japan has over 90,000 species of wildlife as of 2019, including the brown bear, the Japanese macaque, the Japanese raccoon dog, the small Japanese field mouse, and the Japanese giant salamander.

A large network of national parks has been established to protect important areas of flora and fauna as well as 52 Ramsar wetland sites. Four sites have been inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List for their outstanding natural value.

In the period of rapid economic growth after World War II, environmental policies were downplayed by the government and industrial corporations; as a result, environmental pollution was widespread in the 1950s and 1960s. Responding to rising concern, the government introduced environmental protection laws in 1970. The oil crisis in 1973 also encouraged the efficient use of energy because of Japan's lack of natural resources.

As of 2020, more than 22 coal-fired power plants are planned for construction in Japan, following the switching-off of Japan's nuclear fleet after the 2011 Fukushima nuclear disaster. Japan ranks 20th in the 2018 Environmental Performance Index, which measures a nation's commitment to environmental sustainability. Japan is the world's fifth largest emitter of carbon dioxide. As the host and signatory of the 1997 Kyoto Protocol, Japan is under treaty obligation to reduce its carbon dioxide emissions and to take other steps to curb climate change. In 2020 the government of Japan announced a target of carbon-neutrality by 2050. Environmental issues include urban air pollution (NOx, suspended particulate matter, and toxics), waste management, water eutrophication, nature conservation, climate change, chemical management and international co-operation for conservation.

Japan is a unitary state and constitutional monarchy in which the power of the Emperor is limited to a ceremonial role. Executive power is instead wielded by the Prime Minister of Japan and his Cabinet, whose sovereignty is vested in the Japanese people. Naruhito is the Emperor of Japan, having succeeded his father Akihito upon his accession to the Chrysanthemum Throne in 2019.

Japan's legislative organ is the National Diet, a bicameral parliament. It consists of a lower House of Representatives with 465 seats, elected by popular vote every four years or when dissolved, and an upper House of Councillors with 245 seats, whose popularly-elected members serve six-year terms. There is universal suffrage for adults over 18 years of age, with a secret ballot for all elected offices. The prime minister as the head of government has the power to appoint and dismiss Ministers of State, and is appointed by the emperor after being designated from among the members of the Diet. Elected in the 2020 Japanese prime minister election, Yoshihide Suga is Japan's prime minister.

Historically influenced by Chinese law, the Japanese legal system developed independently during the Edo period through texts such as Kujikata Osadamegaki. Since the late 19th century, the judicial system has been largely based on the civil law of Europe, notably Germany. In 1896, Japan established a civil code based on the German Bürgerliches Gesetzbuch, which remains in effect with post–World War II modifications. The Constitution of Japan, adopted in 1947, is the oldest unamended constitution in the world. Statutory law originates in the legislature, and the constitution requires that the emperor promulgate legislation passed by the Diet without giving him the power to oppose legislation. The main body of Japanese statutory law is called the Six Codes. Japan's court system is divided into four basic tiers: the Supreme Court and three levels of lower courts.

Japan is divided into 47 prefectures, each overseen by an elected governor and legislature. In the following table, the prefectures are grouped by region:

1. Hokkaido

2. Aomori
3. Iwate
4. Miyagi
5. Akita
6. Yamagata
7. Fukushima

8. Ibaraki
9. Tochigi
10. Gunma
11. Saitama
12. Chiba
13. Tokyo
14. Kanagawa

15. Niigata
16. Toyama
17. Ishikawa
18. Fukui
19. Yamanashi
20. Nagano
21. Gifu
22. Shizuoka
23. Aichi

24. Mie
25. Shiga
26. Kyoto
27. Osaka
28. Hyōgo
29. Nara
30. Wakayama

31. Tottori
32. Shimane
33. Okayama
34. Hiroshima
35. Yamaguchi

36. Tokushima
37. Kagawa
38. Ehime
39. Kōchi

40. Fukuoka
41. Saga
42. Nagasaki
43. Kumamoto
44. Ōita
45. Miyazaki
46. Kagoshima
47. Okinawa

A member state of the United Nations since 1956, Japan is one of the G4 nations seeking reform of the Security Council. Japan is a member of the G7, APEC, and "ASEAN Plus Three", and is a participant in the East Asia Summit. It is the world's fifth largest donor of official development assistance, donating US$9.2 billion in 2014. In 2017, Japan had the fifth largest diplomatic network in the world.

Japan has close economic and military relations with the United States, with which it maintains a security alliance. The United States is a major market for Japanese exports and a major source of Japanese imports, and is committed to defending the country, with military bases in Japan. Japan signed a security pact with Australia in March 2007 and with India in October 2008.

Japan's relationship with South Korea had historically been strained because of Japan's treatment of Koreans during Japanese colonial rule, particularly over the issue of comfort women. In 2015, Japan agreed to settle the comfort women dispute with South Korea by issuing a formal apology and paying money to the surviving comfort women. As of 2019 Japan is a major importer of Korean music (K-pop), television (K-dramas), and other cultural products.

Japan is engaged in several territorial disputes with its neighbors. Japan contests Russia's control of the Southern Kuril Islands, which were occupied by the Soviet Union in 1945. South Korea's control of the Liancourt Rocks is acknowledged but not accepted as they are claimed by Japan. Japan has strained relations with China and Taiwan over the Senkaku Islands and the status of Okinotorishima.

Japan is the second-highest-ranked Asian country in the Global Peace Index 2020. Japan maintains one of the largest military budgets of any country in the world. The country's military (the Japan Self-Defense Forces) is restricted by Article 9 of the Japanese Constitution, which renounces Japan's right to declare war or use military force in international disputes. The military is governed by the Ministry of Defense, and primarily consists of the Japan Ground Self-Defense Force, the Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force, and the Japan Air Self-Defense Force. The deployment of troops to Iraq and Afghanistan marked the first overseas use of Japan's military since World War II.

The Government of Japan has been making changes to its security policy which include the establishment of the National Security Council, the adoption of the National Security Strategy, and the development of the National Defense Program Guidelines. In May 2014, Prime Minister Shinzō Abe said Japan wanted to shed the passiveness it has maintained since the end of World War II and take more responsibility for regional security. Recent tensions, particularly with North Korea and China, have reignited the debate over the status of the JSDF and its relation to Japanese society.

Domestic security in Japan is provided mainly by the prefectural police departments, under the oversight of the National Police Agency. As the central coordinating body for the Prefectural Police Departments, the National Police Agency is administered by the National Public Safety Commission. The Special Assault Team comprises national-level counter-terrorism tactical units that cooperate with territorial-level Anti-Firearms Squads and Counter-NBC Terrorism Squads. The Japan Coast Guard guards territorial waters surrounding Japan and uses surveillance and control countermeasures against smuggling, marine environmental crime, poaching, piracy, spy ships, unauthorized foreign fishing vessels, and illegal immigration.

The Firearm and Sword Possession Control Law strictly regulates the civilian ownership of guns, swords and other weaponry. According to the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, among the member states of the UN that report statistics as of 2018, the incidence rates of violent crimes such as murder, abduction, sexual violence and robbery are very low in Japan.

Japan is the third largest national economy in the world, after the United States and China, in terms of nominal GDP, and the fourth largest national economy in the world, after the United States, China and India, in terms of purchasing power parity as of 2019. As of 2019, Japan's labor force consisted of 67 million workers. Japan has a low unemployment rate of around 2.4 percent. Around 16 percent of the population were below the poverty line in 2017. Japan today has the highest ratio of public debt to GDP of any developed nation, with national debt at 236% relative to GDP as of 2017.

Japan's exports amounted to 18.5% of GDP in 2018. As of 2019, Japan's main export markets were the United States (19.8 percent) and China (19.1 percent). Its main exports are motor vehicles, iron and steel products, semiconductors and auto parts. Japan's main import markets as of 2019 were China (23.5 percent), the United States (11 percent), and Australia (6.3 percent). Japan's main imports are machinery and equipment, fossil fuels, foodstuffs, chemicals, and raw materials for its industries.

Japan ranks 29th of 190 countries in the 2019 ease of doing business index. The Japanese variant of capitalism has many distinct features: keiretsu enterprises are influential, and lifetime employment and seniority-based career advancement are common in the Japanese work environment. Japan has a large cooperative sector, with three of the ten largest cooperatives in the world, including the largest consumer cooperative and the largest agricultural cooperative in the world as of 2018. Japan ranks highly for competitiveness and economic freedom. It is ranked sixth in the Global Competitiveness Report for 2015–2016.

The Japanese agricultural sector accounts for about 1.2% of the total country's GDP as of 2018. Only 11.5% of Japan's land is suitable for cultivation. Because of this lack of arable land, a system of terraces is used to farm in small areas. This results in one of the world's highest levels of crop yields per unit area, with an agricultural self-sufficiency rate of about 50% as of 2018. Japan's small agricultural sector is highly subsidized and protected. There has been a growing concern about farming as farmers are aging with a difficult time finding successors.

Japan ranked seventh in the world in tonnage of fish caught and captured 3,167,610 metric tons of fish in 2016, down from an annual average of 4,000,000 tons over the previous decade. Japan maintains one of the world's largest fishing fleets and accounts for nearly 15% of the global catch, prompting critiques that Japan's fishing is leading to depletion in fish stocks such as tuna. Japan has sparked controversy by supporting commercial whaling.

Japan has a large industrial capacity and is home to some of the "largest and most technologically advanced producers of motor vehicles, machine tools, steel and nonferrous metals, ships, chemical substances, textiles, and processed foods". Japan's industrial sector makes up approximately 27.5% of its GDP. The country's manufacturing output is the third highest in the world as of 2019.

Japan is the third largest automobile producer in the world as of 2017 and is home to Toyota, the world's largest automobile company. The Japanese shipbuilding industry faces competition from South Korea and China; a 2020 government initiative identified this sector as a target for increasing exports.

Japan's service sector accounts for about 70% of its total economic output as of 2019. Banking, retail, transportation, and telecommunications are all major industries, with companies such as Toyota, Mitsubishi UFJ, -NTT, ÆON, Softbank, Hitachi, and Itochu listed as among the largest in the world.

Japan attracted 31.9 million international tourists in 2019. For inbound tourism, Japan was ranked 11th in the world in 2019. The 2017 Travel and Tourism Competitiveness Report ranked Japan 4th out of 141 countries, which was the highest in Asia.

Japan is a leading nation in scientific research, particularly in the natural sciences and engineering. The country ranks twelfth among the most innovative countries in the 2020 Bloomberg Innovation Index. Relative to gross domestic product, Japan's research and development budget is the second highest in the world, with 867,000 researchers sharing a 19-trillion-yen research and development budget as of 2017. The country has produced twenty-two Nobel laureates in either physics, chemistry or medicine, and three Fields medalists.

Japan leads the world in robotics production and use, supplying 55% of the world's 2017 total. Japan has the second highest number of researchers in science and technology per capita in the world with 14 per 1000 employees.

The Japanese consumer electronics industry, once considered the strongest in the world, is in a state of decline as competition arises in countries like South Korea and China. However, video gaming in Japan remains a major industry. In 2014, Japan's consumer video game market grossed $9.6 billion, with $5.8 billion coming from mobile gaming.

The Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency is Japan's national space agency; it conducts space, planetary, and aviation research, and leads development of rockets and satellites. It is a participant in the International Space Station: the Japanese Experiment Module (Kibō) was added to the station during Space Shuttle assembly flights in 2008. The space probe Akatsuki was launched in 2010 and achieved orbit around Venus in 2015. Japan's plans in space exploration include building a moon base and landing astronauts by 2030. In 2007, it launched lunar explorer SELENE (Selenological and Engineering Explorer) from Tanegashima Space Center. The largest lunar mission since the Apollo program, its purpose was to gather data on the moon's origin and evolution. The explorer entered a lunar orbit on October 4, 2007, and was deliberately crashed into the Moon on June 11, 2009.

Japan has invested heavily in transportation infrastructure. The country has approximately 1,200,000 kilometers (750,000 miles) of roads made up of 1,000,000 kilometers (620,000 miles) of city, town and village roads, 130,000 kilometers (81,000 miles) of prefectural roads, 54,736 kilometers (34,011 miles) of general national highways and 7641 kilometers (4748 miles) of national expressways as of 2017.

Since privatization in 1987, dozens of Japanese railway companies compete in regional and local passenger transportation markets; major companies include seven JR enterprises, Kintetsu, Seibu Railway and Keio Corporation. The high-speed Shinkansen (bullet trains) that connect major cities are known for their safety and punctuality.

There are 175 airports in Japan as of 2013. The largest domestic airport, Haneda Airport in Tokyo, was Asia's second-busiest airport in 2019. The Keihin and Hanshin superport hubs are among the largest in the world, at 7.98 and 5.22 million TEU respectively as of 2017.

As of 2017, 39% of energy in Japan was produced from petroleum, 25% from coal, 23% from natural gas, 3.5% from hydropower and 1.5% from nuclear power. Nuclear power was down from 11.2 percent in 2010. By May 2012 all of the country's nuclear power plants had been taken offline because of ongoing public opposition following the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear disaster in March 2011, though government officials continued to try to sway public opinion in favor of returning at least some to service. The Sendai Nuclear Power Plant restarted in 2015, and since then several other nuclear power plants have been restarted. Japan lacks significant domestic reserves and has a heavy dependence on imported energy. The country has therefore aimed to diversify its sources and maintain high levels of energy efficiency.

Responsibility for the water and sanitation sector is shared between the Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare, in charge of water supply for domestic use; the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism, in charge of water resources development as well as sanitation; the Ministry of the Environment, in charge of ambient water quality and environmental preservation; and the Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications, in charge of performance benchmarking of utilities. Access to an improved water source is universal in Japan. About 98% of the population receives piped water supply from public utilities.

Japan has a population of 125.7 million, of which 123.2 million are Japanese nationals (2020 estimates). A small population of foreign residents makes up the remainder. In 2019, 92% of the total Japanese population lived in cities. The capital city Tokyo has a population of 13.8 million (2018). It is part of the Greater Tokyo Area, the biggest metropolitan area in the world with 38,140,000 people (2016).

Ethnic minority groups in Japan include the indigenous Ainu and Ryukyuan people. Zainichi Koreans, Chinese, Filipinos, Brazilians mostly of Japanese descent, and Peruvians mostly of Japanese descent are also among Japan's small minority groups. Burakumin make up a social minority group.

Japan has the second longest overall life expectancy at birth of any country in the world, at 84 years as of 2019. The Japanese population is rapidly aging as a result of a post–World War II baby boom followed by a decrease in birth rates. As of 2019 over 20 percent of the population is over 65, and this is projected to rise to one in three by 2030. The changes in demographic structure have created a number of social issues, particularly a decline in workforce population and increase in the cost of social security benefits. A growing number of younger Japanese are not marrying or remain childless. Japan's population is expected to drop to around 100 million by 2050. Immigration and birth incentives are sometimes suggested as a solution to provide younger workers to support the nation's aging population. On April 1, 2019, Japan's revised immigration law was enacted, protecting the rights of foreign workers to help reduce labor shortages in certain sectors.

Japan's constitution guarantees full religious freedom. Upper estimates suggest that 84–96 percent of the Japanese population subscribe to Shinto as its indigenous religion. However, these estimates are based on people affiliated with a temple, rather than the number of true believers. Many Japanese people practice both Shinto and Buddhism; they can either identify with both religions or describe themselves as non-religious or spiritual. The level of participation in religious ceremonies as a cultural tradition remains high, especially during festivals and occasions such as the first shrine visit of the New Year. Taoism and Confucianism from China have also influenced Japanese beliefs and customs.

Christianity was first introduced into Japan by Jesuit missions starting in 1549. Today, 1% to 1.5% of the population are Christians. Throughout the latest century, Western customs originally related to Christianity (including Western style weddings, Valentine's Day and Christmas) have become popular as secular customs among many Japanese.

About 90% of those practicing Islam in Japan are foreign-born migrants as of 2016. As of 2018 there were an estimated 105 mosques and 200,000 Muslims in Japan, 43,000 of which were ethnically Japanese. Other minority religions include Hinduism, Judaism, and Baháʼí Faith, as well as the animist beliefs of the Ainu.

Japanese writing uses kanji (Chinese characters) and two sets of kana (syllabaries based on cursive script and radical of kanji), as well as the Latin alphabet and Arabic numerals. English instruction was made mandatory in Japanese elementary schools in 2020.

Besides Japanese, the Ryukyuan languages (Amami, Kunigami, Okinawan, Miyako, Yaeyama, Yonaguni), part of the Japonic language family, are spoken in the Ryukyu Islands chain. Few children learn these languages, but local governments have sought to increase awareness of the traditional languages. The Ainu language, which is a language isolate, is moribund, with only a few native speakers remaining as of 2014.

Primary schools, secondary schools and universities were introduced in 1872 as a result of the Meiji Restoration. Since the 1947 Fundamental Law of Education, compulsory education in Japan comprises elementary and junior high school, which together last for nine years. Almost all children continue their education at a three-year senior high school. The two top-ranking universities in Japan are the University of Tokyo and Kyoto University. Starting in April 2016, various schools began the academic year with elementary school and junior high school integrated into one nine-year compulsory schooling program; MEXT plans for this approach to be adopted nationwide.

The Programme for International Student Assessment coordinated by the OECD ranks the knowledge and skills of Japanese 15-year-olds as the third best in the world. Japan is one of the top-performing OECD countries in reading literacy, math and sciences with the average student scoring 529 and has one of the world's highest-educated labor forces among OECD countries. As of 2017, Japan's public spending on education amounted to just 3.3 percent of its GDP, below the OECD average of 4.9 percent. In 2017, the country ranked third for the percentage of 25- to 64-year-olds that have attained tertiary education with 51 percent. Approximately 60 percent of Japanese aged 25 to 34 have some form of tertiary education qualification, and bachelor's degrees are held by 30.4 percent of Japanese aged 25 to 64, the second most in the OECD after South Korea.

Health care is provided by national and local governments. Payment for personal medical services is offered through a universal health insurance system that provides relative equality of access, with fees set by a government committee. People without insurance through employers can participate in a national health insurance program administered by local governments. Since 1973, all elderly persons have been covered by government-sponsored insurance.

Japan has one of the world's highest suicide rates. Another significant public health issue is smoking among Japanese men. Japan has the lowest rate of heart disease in the OECD, and the lowest level of dementia in the developed world.

Contemporary Japanese culture combines influences from Asia, Europe and North America. Traditional Japanese arts include crafts such as ceramics, textiles, lacquerware, swords and dolls; performances of bunraku, kabuki, noh, dance, and rakugo; and other practices, the tea ceremony, ikebana, martial arts, calligraphy, origami, onsen, Geisha and games. Japan has a developed system for the protection and promotion of both tangible and intangible Cultural Properties and National Treasures. Twenty-two sites have been inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List, eighteen of which are of cultural significance.

The history of Japanese painting exhibits synthesis and competition between native Japanese esthetics and imported ideas. The interaction between Japanese and European art has been significant: for example ukiyo-e prints, which began to be exported in the 19th century in the movement known as Japonism, had a significant influence on the development of modern art in the West, most notably on post-Impressionism. Japanese manga developed in the 20th century and have become popular worldwide.

Japanese architecture is a combination between local and other influences. It has traditionally been typified by wooden or mud plaster structures, elevated slightly off the ground, with tiled or thatched roofs. The Shrines of Ise have been celebrated as the prototype of Japanese architecture. Traditional housing and many temple buildings see the use of tatami mats and sliding doors that break down the distinction between rooms and indoor and outdoor space. Since the 19th century, Japan has incorporated much of Western modern architecture into construction and design. It was not until after World War II that Japanese architects made an impression on the international scene, firstly with the work of architects like Kenzō Tange and then with movements like Metabolism.

The earliest works of Japanese literature include the Kojiki and Nihon Shoki chronicles and the Man'yōshū poetry anthology, all from the 8th century and written in Chinese characters. In the early Heian period, the system of phonograms known as kana (hiragana and katakana) was developed. The Tale of the Bamboo Cutter is considered the oldest extant Japanese narrative. An account of court life is given in The Pillow Book by Sei Shōnagon, while The Tale of Genji by Murasaki Shikibu is often described as the world's first novel.

During the Edo period, the chōnin ("townspeople") overtook the samurai aristocracy as producers and consumers of literature. The popularity of the works of Saikaku, for example, reveals this change in readership and authorship, while Bashō revivified the poetic tradition of the Kokinshū with his haikai (haiku) and wrote the poetic travelogue Oku no Hosomichi. The Meiji era saw the decline of traditional literary forms as Japanese literature integrated Western influences. Natsume Sōseki and Mori Ōgai were significant novelists in the early 20th century, followed by Ryūnosuke Akutagawa, Jun'ichirō Tanizaki, Kafū Nagai and, more recently, Haruki Murakami and Kenji Nakagami. Japan has two Nobel Prize-winning authors – Yasunari Kawabata (1968) and Kenzaburō Ōe (1994).

Japanese philosophy has historically been a fusion of both foreign, particularly Chinese and Western, and uniquely Japanese elements. In its literary forms, Japanese philosophy began about fourteen centuries ago. Confucian ideals remain evident in the Japanese concept of society and the self, and in the organization of the government and the structure of society. Buddhism has profoundly impacted Japanese psychology, metaphysics, and esthetics.

Japanese music is eclectic and diverse. Many instruments, such as the koto, were introduced in the 9th and 10th centuries. The popular folk music, with the guitar-like shamisen, dates from the 16th century. Western classical music, introduced in the late 19th century, forms an integral part of Japanese culture. Kumi-daiko (ensemble drumming) was developed in postwar Japan and became very popular in North America. Popular music in post-war Japan has been heavily influenced by American and European trends, which has led to the evolution of J-pop. Karaoke is a significant cultural activity.

The four traditional theaters from Japan are noh, kyōgen, kabuki, and bunraku. Noh is one of the oldest continuous theater traditions in the world.

Ishin-denshin (以心伝心) is a Japanese idiom which denotes a form of interpersonal communication through unspoken mutual understanding. Isagiyosa (潔さ) is a virtue of the capability of accepting death with composure. Cherry blossoms are a symbol of isagiyosa in the sense of embracing the transience of the world. Hansei (反省) is a central idea in Japanese culture, meaning to acknowledge one's own mistake and to pledge improvement. Kotodama (言霊) refers to the Japanese belief that mystical powers dwell in words and names.

Officially, Japan has 16 national, government-recognized holidays. Public holidays in Japan are regulated by the Public Holiday Law (国民の祝日に関する法律, Kokumin no Shukujitsu ni Kansuru Hōritsu) of 1948. Beginning in 2000, Japan implemented the Happy Monday System, which moved a number of national holidays to Monday in order to obtain a long weekend. The national holidays in Japan are New Year's Day on January 1, Coming of Age Day on the second Monday of January, National Foundation Day on February 11, The Emperor's Birthday on February 23, Vernal Equinox Day on March 20 or 21, Shōwa Day on April 29, Constitution Memorial Day on May 3, Greenery Day on May 4, Children's Day on May 5, Marine Day on the third Monday of July, Mountain Day on August 11, Respect for the Aged Day on the third Monday of September, Autumnal Equinox on September 23 or 24, Health and Sports Day on the second Monday of October, Culture Day on November 3, and Labor Thanksgiving Day on November 23.

Japanese cuisine offers a vast array of regional specialties that use traditional recipes and local ingredients. Seafood and Japanese rice or noodles are traditional staples. Japanese curry, since its introduction to Japan from British India, is so widely consumed that it can be termed a national dish, alongside ramen and sushi. Traditional Japanese sweets are known as wagashi. Ingredients such as red bean paste and mochi are used. More modern-day tastes includes green tea ice cream.

Popular Japanese beverages include sake, which is a brewed rice beverage that typically contains 14–17% alcohol and is made by multiple fermentation of rice. Beer has been brewed in Japan since the late 17th century. Green tea is produced in Japan and prepared in forms such as matcha, used in the Japanese tea ceremony.

According to the 2015 NHK survey on television viewing in Japan, 79 percent of Japanese watch television daily. Japanese television dramas are viewed both within Japan and internationally; other popular shows are in the genres of variety shows, comedy, and news programs. Japanese newspapers are among the most circulated in the world as of 2016.

Japan has one of the oldest and largest film industries globally. Ishirō Honda's Godzilla became an international icon of Japan and spawned an entire subgenre of kaiju films, as well as the longest-running film franchise in history. Japanese animated films and television series, known as anime, were largely influenced by Japanese manga and have been extensively popular in the West. Japan is a world-renowned powerhouse of animation.

Traditionally, sumo is considered Japan's national sport. Japanese martial arts such as judo and kendo are taught as part of the compulsory junior high school curriculum. Baseball is the most popular spectator sport in the country. Japan's top professional league, Nippon Professional Baseball, was established in 1936. Since the establishment of the Japan Professional Football League in 1992, association football has gained a wide following. The country co-hosted the 2002 FIFA World Cup with South Korea. Japan has one of the most successful football teams in Asia, winning the Asian Cup four times, and the FIFA Women's World Cup in 2011. Golf is also popular in Japan.

In motorsport, Japanese automotive manufacturers have been successful in multiple different categories, with titles and victories in series such as Formula One, MotoGP, IndyCar, World Rally Championship, World Endurance Championship, World Touring Car Championship, British Touring Car Championship and the IMSA SportsCar Championship. Three Japanese drivers have achieved podium finishes in Formula One, and drivers from Japan have victories at the Indianapolis 500 and the 24 Hours of Le Mans, in addition to success in domestic championships. Super GT is the most popular national series in Japan, while Super Formula is the top level domestic open-wheel series. The country hosts major races such as the Japanese Grand Prix.

Japan hosted the Summer Olympics in Tokyo in 1964 and the Winter Olympics in Sapporo in 1972 and Nagano in 1998. The country hosted the official 2006 Basketball World Championship and will co-host the 2023 Basketball World Championship. Tokyo will host the 2020 Summer Olympics in 2021, making Tokyo the first Asian city to host the Olympics twice. The country gained the hosting rights for the official Women's Volleyball World Championship on five occasions, more than any other nation. Japan is the most successful Asian Rugby Union country and hosted the 2019 IRB Rugby World Cup.

Government

General information

Coordinates: 36°N 138°E / 36°N 138°E / 36; 138

【EXO-L-JAPAN News】 本日行われたJAPAN 1st MINI ALBUM「BAEKHYUN」オンラインサイン会のレポートを更新しました! ぜひチェックしてください♪ ▼ログイン後、MESSAGE BOARDをご…
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今年の節分は2/2(火)! 世界的名店 鮨よしたけ監修 2つの恵方巻🍣 #イオンの恵方巻 は2/1.2に店頭で販売👍ぜひお求めを! 抽選で10名様にイオンギフトカードが当たるキャンペーンは2/2迄🎁 1⃣…
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[January 2021] Newly Launched Licensed Products! TinyTAN @LINEStickerJP Magic Door Theme (worldwide) and Seasonal S…
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@lotus_0_lotus キャンペーンの結果は…残念😢 リツイートキャンペーンは2/2(火) 23:59まで開催中☀️ イオンの恵方巻は2/1と2/2は店頭にて販売👍ぜひお求めください😊 ※店舗により販売期間が異なる場合…
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@mamacha05288831 キャンペーンの結果は…残念😢 リツイートキャンペーンは2/2(火) 23:59まで開催中☀️ イオンの恵方巻は2/1と2/2は店頭にて販売👍ぜひお求めください😊 ※店舗により販売期間が異なる…
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RT @HARU_FCMA: IPMS JAPANにて優秀賞を頂きました。 有り難う御座います‼️
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@KIARA73089818 キャンペーンの結果は…残念😢 リツイートキャンペーンは2/2(火) 23:59まで開催中☀️ イオンの恵方巻は2/1と2/2は店頭にて販売👍ぜひお求めください😊 ※店舗により販売期間が異なる場合…
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RT @TRUMPSUPPORT01A: BREAKING NEWS 南シナ海で展開している 米海軍に対し中国は、攻撃すると警告! 公海では、自由に航行する権利が認められています。 人口島も島ではなく自由に上空を飛行する事が出来ます。 自由の航行作戦は中国に屈する事なく…
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RT @bighit_merch: [January 2021] Newly Launched Licensed Products! TinyTAN @seganewsnavi NESOBERI Acrylic Key Chains, NESOBERI Cushions ~MI…
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RT @MiniTool_Japan: / 🌸新春プレゼント企画🌸 \ 抽選で10名様に1万円超えの万能ソフトを #プレゼント! 【応募方法】 ①@MiniTool_Japan をフォロー ②このツイートをRT 締切:1/31(日) まで 賞品詳細
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@CullomLynn @Laurie_Garrett @NastyOldWomyn @pfizer No, the military aid is required to be spent in the US on US pro…
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RT @hivere: @tomotaro_japan @etude6635 いよいよ大変になりますね。検査隔離治療、医療体制確保。脱出の道はこれしかないのに全て手遅れ。緊急事態が長びけば生活困窮の人々は更に増える。せめて金で救える部分は金で救えば良いのです。でも追加給付金なし…
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@chapree what’s the possibility of them following in Suica Japan’s footsteps? Suica cards can be added to and used…
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@blue_x_Japan キャンペーン後で気付いたんよね(༎ຶ⌑༎ຶ)
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RT @reallbarron: I love this painting Thank you #Japan #America #Patriots
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RT @hesthinker: japan harry + dogs 💭
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RT @reallbarron: I love this painting Thank you #Japan #America #Patriots
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@_mocha_s2 阪本航紀くん🍓オススメです😊歌が特に良いなって思ってます✨ PRODUCE 101 JAPAN SEASON2 【阪本 航紀】オンタクト能力評価「自由曲(VOCAL)」 #GYAO
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RT @AdisornSopha2: 28 มกราคม 2021 ชีวิตวันที่ 317 ในญี่ปุ่น วันนี้มินเนี่ยนเอ มาเที่ยวเปิดหูเปิดตานอกกะลาตลอดเลยนะ ซอมบี้จร้า เอา #ชีวิตส…
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RT @AdisornSopha2: 28 มกราคม 2021 ชีวิตวันที่ 317 ในญี่ปุ่น วันนี้มินเนี่ยนเอ มาเที่ยวเปิดหูเปิดตานอกกะลาตลอดเลยนะ ซอมบี้จร้า เอา #ชีวิตส…
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Travis Japan「MUSIC STATION×ジャニーズ Jr.スペシャルLIVE」 #ISLANDTV
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2月1日 JIHYO お誕生日おめでとう♡ #HappyJIHYOday
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@Kaitawi2 “Like a Dragon” is the name of the franchise in Japan. I used that name as a joke
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RT @Hustler2754: Most guys in wwe only know wwe style .. each territory yrs ago had dif style .. feel.. there was bout 24 territories in US…
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RT @Andam2024Dragon: ラジオなら出来るという方🙏 これはNHK🪁 🎙TOKYO FM MINTIA Refresh Music 🎛NACK5
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RT @semifreqsonic: On January 31st, 2001, Sega announced it would cease production of the Dreamcast, dropping out of the home console race.…
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RT @UnseenJapanSite: Vegan in Japan: All You Need to Know
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I am SO all in on this. Love you, Japan. Love you always.
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RT @iwaowi: stop comparing koreans to 40T/5NK characters when the mangaka literally believes korea was better under japan’s rule, supports…
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RT @LeeSpring__: And at some point, we may even get to talk about how I actually blame Japan for turning Nazis into an "aesthetic" in Asia…
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RT @LeeSpring__: Okay, being both Korean AND German, here's my 2 cents on this whole Gfriend mess. First, there are NO excuses. Kids' hist…
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RT @Isseki3: わかりやすい 日本は「緊急事態」なの? @agora_japanより
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RT @Andam2024Dragon: 私 少し動ける という方🙏 FLS,ビルボの合間に….. こちらはMTV Japanのvote 🗼邦楽を選択,ジャンルはPOP 🌎番組名は ULTRA HITS 🥇嵐 Party Starters等 アンケートは必須ではないです…
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#肌バリアトーンアップUV で花粉もUVもブロック💙 毎日300名様にピンク&ホワイトのサンプル計6回分をプレゼント実施中! 本アカウントをフォロー& #肌バリアトーンアップUV ボタンを押して投稿すると抽選開始!オリジナルムービーも✔! @LRP_JAPAN
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RT @Billboard_JAPAN: 松村北斗(SixTONES)が『anan』ソロ初表紙、魅惑の4変化で美しいデコルテなど披露
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RT @LeeSpring__: Okay, being both Korean AND German, here's my 2 cents on this whole Gfriend mess. First, there are NO excuses. Kids' hist…
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RT @ashishkjha: Heard of SARS-CoV2 variant from Japan? No? How about one from South Korea? No? Surely variants from New Zealand & Vietn…
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RT @mikafuwas: it's february 1 in japan and today is precure day 😄
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RT @KazumiStudios: Trailer for our game. Hope you like! #SanpoGame Walk! #GameTrailer #Japan #Jhorror #horrorgame #retrogaming #WIP #散歩ゲーム…
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今年の節分は2/2(火)! 世界的名店 鮨よしたけ監修 2つの恵方巻🍣 #イオンの恵方巻 は2/2まで店頭で販売中👍ぜひお求めを! 抽選で10名様にイオンギフトカードが当たるキャンペーンは2/2迄🎁 1⃣…
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@yatttty 残念…はずれです。 2月3日(水)23:59まで毎日ご参加いただけます。明日もチャレンジしてください! ラ ロッシュ ポゼの商品やお得なキャンペーン情報はLINE公式アカウントからも配信中! お友だち登録でクーポ…
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hay muchas cosas que admiro y encantan de Japan. Una de ellas es la manera en que Richard Barbieri opera los sintet…
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RT @wonwooszone: ofd japan 2017
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RT @SIO_Japan_: 【2月企画】 抽選で5名様に、その場deパスタ3食セットが当たる! 参加方法 ①アカウントをフォロー ②当投稿をRT 当選者さま宛にDMでご連絡させていただきます。 応募締切:2/8(月)23:59 まで 商品の詳細はこちら
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RT @nctmarkarchive: © cocolate6ix NCTzen 127-JAPAN Official Book Vol. 3 - Which do you like, A or B? Taeil, Mark, and Haechan! #Mark #마크…
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@natsu_milktea_ キャンペーンの結果は…残念😢 リツイートキャンペーンは2/2(火) 23:59まで開催中☀️ 本州・四国のイオンでは店頭にて様々な恵方巻を販売中😍 ぜひお求めください😊 ※店舗により販売期間が…
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RT @tbs_news: 埼玉県で新型コロナ陽性の高齢患者4人死亡、入院先調整できず #tbs #tbs_news #japan #news
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@GzTohoho 荷物を預けた後、雲呑食べて、これを買って帰った事があります。 香港では、一膳飯に青菜を添えてくれるのがいいです。
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@Japan_Missile おはようございますー
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RT @blvkesz: Just seen a lightly modded gtst for 21.5k LOL I mightve been the last one to get one under 12k from Japan ahahaha
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RT @nctmarkarchive: © cocolate6ix NCTzen 127-JAPAN Official Book Vol. 3 MARK X HAECHAN #Mark #마크 #マーク #NCT127
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#肌バリアトーンアップUV で花粉もUVもブロック💙 毎日300名様にピンク&ホワイトのサンプル計6回分をプレゼント実施中! 本アカウントをフォロー& #肌バリアトーンアップUV ボタンを押して投稿すると抽選開始!オリジナルムービーも✔! @LRP_JAPAN
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@tomotaro_japan 【広報宣伝の参考になる資料】 イラストがあるとないとでは視覚効果がまったく違う ↓
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@ika_SKJ_elfri HAHAw
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RT @rio_nabekoji: タイに降り立った向井康二が無敵すぎて心臓ぶち抜かれたJAPAN Expo Thailand 2020
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@Rin0127_Rin キャンペーンの結果は…残念😢 リツイートキャンペーンは2/2(火) 23:59まで開催中☀️ 本州・四国のイオンでは店頭にて様々な恵方巻を販売中😍 ぜひお求めください😊 ※店舗により販売期間が異なる…
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@ohaohaohhaa 残念…はずれです。 2月3日(水)23:59まで毎日ご参加いただけます。明日もチャレンジしてください! ラ ロッシュ ポゼの商品やお得なキャンペーン情報はLINE公式アカウントからも配信中! お友だち登録…
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[#SEVENTEEN JAPAN NEWS] 2021年4月21日(水)、SEVENTEEN JAPAN 3RD SINGLE「ひとりじゃない」が初回限定盤A・B・C・D&通常盤&CARAT盤の6形態で発売決定!ご予約は2月3日…
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[#SEVENTEEN JAPAN NEWS] JAPAN 3RD SINGLE「ひとりじゃない」 発売記念リリースイベント&ファンクラブ限定ベントの開催が決定!各エントリーカード付き商品のご予約は2月3日(水)より開始!…
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<NCTzen 127-JAPAN NEWS> 『NCT 127 ユウタのYUTA at Home』現場レポート2を公開しました! ユウタから届いたセルフィーと一緒にぜひご覧ください♪ ▼サイト内「BLOG」をチェック!…
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RT @mariyatomoko: 「女性がたくさん入っている理事会の会議は時間がかかります。女性っていうのは競争意識が強い。誰か1人が手をあげていうと、自分もいわなきゃいけないと思うんでしょうね。結局、あんまりいうと、新聞に書か…
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I find it funny how a seemingly voluptuous anime/manga character actually has pretty modest body measurements real…
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RT @notivankabarron: I love to share beautiful pictures of Japan cities and places.Because I love Japan they are true PATRIOTS.! #MagaFOREV…
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Tribute to Japan Self Defense Forces ー日本の自衛隊に捧げますー (Japanese): by US Forces Japan…
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RT @MaryKarberg: Animators in Japan make almost nothing. They deserve fair pay, period + bonuses if an easter egg is popular and drives eye…
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「天皇はピカチュウ」「国民の41%はオタクで53.2%は変態」…アンサイクロペディア英語版「Japan」の項が言いたい放題
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RT @LynAldenContact: Folks often wonder why Japan didn't have inflation over the past 20 years despite their central bank balance sheet goi…
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RT @MaryKarberg: Animators in Japan make almost nothing. They deserve fair pay, period + bonuses if an easter egg is popular and drives eye…
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RT @rakutentv_japan: / 🎁フォロー&リツイートで当たる! 2️⃣0️⃣0️⃣0️⃣0️⃣ #楽天ポイント プレゼント🎉 \ 🔻応募方法 1️⃣@rakutentv_japanをフォロー 2️⃣この投稿をRT🔁 ※注意事項:
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RT @koreansales_twt: Oricon Weekly — Albums (2021/02/08付) 116. #BTS <THE BEST OF 防弾少年団 -JAPAN EDITION-> 570 copies sold (72,283 total) [P…
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RT @notivankabarron: I love to share beautiful pictures of Japan cities and places.Because I love Japan they are true PATRIOTS.! #MagaFOREV…
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RT @NCT_OFFICIAL_JP: 〖NCT 127 LOVEHOLIC〗 💿 ➫ 2021.02.17 Mini ALBUM+Blu-ray Disc (Tabloid Ver.) 🎞Teaser -NCT 127 Arena Tour ' NEO CITY : J…
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RT @MaryKarberg: Animators in Japan make almost nothing. They deserve fair pay, period + bonuses if an easter egg is popular and drives eye…
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RT @stem_feed: Underground bicycle parking, Japan.
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I need more japan harry pics
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- The prize will ONLY be shipped out WITHIN JAPAN, so keep that in mind before entering - Lastly, please keep in mi…
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RT @gtlem: Strange I sent out SO MANY tweets about Canada being ahead of Germany, France & Japan in Vaccination Rates among the G7 SILENCE…
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IQUIさんとモバオクの思い出作り応援キャンペーン、始めるよ😊 抽選で3名様にスリムなペン型のIQUI360度カメラと、マカロン付箋とメジャーをセットでプレゼント✨ 応募方法 ①@iqui_japan と @mbok_jp をフ…
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2021.03.06 19:00 NTTdocomo新体感ライブCONNECT Special Live 『TWICE in Wonderland』 Teaser NAYEON <ONCE JAPAN OFFICIAL SHO…
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【集結!覇者への道 #ライキン冬の陣】 明日2/5 21時より初回放送 記念にAmazonギフト券が当たるTwitterプレゼント企画実施 〆切:2/5(金)23:59 まで ▼応募方法 ①「@RoK_Japan」をフォロー ②…
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【動画更新】インスタ連動企画第2弾✨いいね数1位は誰の冬デートコーデ?💕 Travis Japan【#トラジャ流冬の初デートコーデ】Instagram連動…あなたの好きなファッションは? ⇒…
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RT @Billboard_JAPAN: 【今週のダウンロード・アルバム・チャート“Download Albums”】 1位 YOASOBI 2位 ヨルシカ 3位 森内寛樹 4位 宮本浩次 5位 藤井風 6位 米津玄師 7位 ZORN 8位 BTS 9位 崎山蒼志 10位 ヒプ…
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RT @nattobeanjean: OK BUT LET’S RECOGNIZE THIS WAY that Japanese politicians always pull the “jApAn cULtUrE toO CoMpLiCaTeD” card to simult…
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RT @tbs_news: 森会長“女性蔑視”発言 IOC「森会長は謝罪した、問題は決着した」 #tbs #tbs_news #japan #news
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RT @WiIlSama: Black History Fact #3 - Yasuke - Almost 500 years ago, an African man arrived in Japan. He would go on to become the first…
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RT @MaryKarberg: STOP EVERYTHING AND SUPPORT @animatorsupport !!! A studio in development in Japan is trying to change this, and this is a…
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RT @WiIlSama: Black History Fact #3 - Yasuke - Almost 500 years ago, an African man arrived in Japan. He would go on to become the first…
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RT @Cutest_Account: #Japan #sweets
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RT @kotamama318: 「世界に呼びかける前に日本に呼びかけよ。目醒まさねばならんのぢゃ。それが順序と申すもの。」 「日本の人民よくならねば、世界の人民よくならんぞ、日本の上の人よくならねば日本人よくならんぞ。」 素晴らしい日本を取り戻す。 Make Japan…
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RT @justin_hart: Japan has this licked. They have it down to a science! The whole culture wears masks so they must be doing something righ.…
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BloombergJapanさんからRT: 第一生命ホールディングス、ジャナス・ヘンダーソン株を売却へ   02月05日6時07分台のニュースでした
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japan porn . . . . >> @sex_porn_linkk . . . . >> @sex_porn_linkk . . . . >> @sex_porn_linkk…
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RT @TXTChartData: 🇯🇵 Spotify Japan #126 Blue Hour 🇯🇵 [+5] *new peak* — 28,115 plays (@TXT_members @TXT_bighit)
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@SHO_aka_STIME @tiktok_japan 何もしてないのにそれはショックすぎる(。ì _ í。)
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RT @bandmaster_: 180614 JAPAN "THE BEST DAY" OSAKA If ~また逢えたら~ YOUNGK CAM 짧지만,, 좀 더 나은 화질로 보시려면 ▶️ #데이식스 #DAY6…
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RT @INTERIORPORN1: Autumn in Japan 🍂
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RT @WiIlSama: Black History Fact #3 - Yasuke - Almost 500 years ago, an African man arrived in Japan. He would go on to become the first…
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新型アルピナB5日本上陸! 1000万円オーバーの“超高性能5シリーズ”の悩ましい選択肢とは?(GQ JAPAN) #Yahooニュース
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2021.03.06 19:00 NTTdocomo新体感ライブCONNECT Special Live 『TWICE in Wonderland』 Teaser NAYEON
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RT @naoyafujiwara: 「中国製風車」が倒壊事故 同社の風車は全国に400基も
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RT @jxpann: Purple Japan 💜
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japan is another country that genuinely needs feminism, especially considering that crimes against women (esp. stal…
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RT @matomete954905: TBSラジオ「蓮見孝之 まとめて!土曜日」。今日のゲストコメンテーターは、「Business Insider Japan」副編集長の滝川麻衣子さん。8時台の生島淳さんはスポーツニュースをまとめて。週末のお天気もまとめて!お伝えします #h…
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RT @naoyafujiwara: 衆院広島3区、斉藤氏擁立で合意 自公幹事長、県議は比例に
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RT @AniTrendz: Fate/Grand Order THE MOVIE -Divine Realm of the Round Table: Camelot- Paladin; Agateram - New PV! The movie is scheduled to…
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RT @Xtrfy_Japan: 【4週連続プレゼントキャンペーン】 ◆第1週お題◆ シルエット画像の商品名を当ててください。 ◆応募条件◆ 1. 本ツイートをRT 2. @Xtrfy_Japan をフォロー 3.解答をこのツイートにリプライ 締切2/27(土)23:59…
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RT @aespachartsdata: "Forever (약속)" iTunes Song Chart (00:35 KST) #2 Vietnam #3 Taiwan #4 Philippines #9 Indonesia #12 Brazil #20 Turkey #…
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RT @ty_on_the_stage: Japan 2nd Mini ALBUM『LOVEHOLIC』Teaser #태용 #TAEYONG #NCT127
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RT @HollandDonna2: Amazing pictures taken this morning in Japan of Mount Fuji where a giant lenticular cloud appears on the top of the moun…
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RT @cnblue_japan: #CNBLUE 日本デビュー10周年プロジェクト第2弾 Special Movie「Footsteps of CNBLUE」公開!! #Footsteps_of_CNBLUE #CNBLU…
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RT @uwemon: PCRはベッドサイドで使えないから抗原検査なんだと考えている人はベッドサイドでも使える全自動を買って使ってみれば良いのではないかと。お値段190万円だし安い買い物かと >[SHIMADZU] 製品情報 - 遺伝子解析装置 AutoAmp | 臨床検体検査…
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RT @miyearnzz: A Gold Medal for Sexism in Japan 金メダル第一号!
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RT @finstitutejp: #dontbesilent #男女平等 #genderequality #finstitutejapan Photos: Finnish Institute in Japan
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RT @SumikaiNews: Am Tag des Setsubun-Festes, das in diesem Jahr auf den 2. Februar fiel, fand die jährliche Veranstaltung des Setsubun Mant…
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RT @mashu_003: IGN JAPAN様のご依頼でApex Legendsのイラストを描かせていただきました〜〜〜!! イラストコンテストが開催されていますので、皆さんもApexのイラストを描いて参加してみてください!! #レジェンドと共に #ApexLegends…
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RT @jxpann: Purple Japan 💜
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#MONSTA_X 3月10日(水)発売 JAPAN 9th Single 「#WANTED」💥 先程公開された 「WANTED」のミュージックビデオ✨ もう見てくれましたか😁⁉️ 📱🖥️ミュージックビデオはこちら😎 🚨…
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BREAKING: Magnitude 7.1 quake measuring upper 6 on Japanese scale hits Miyagi, Fukushima prefectures in northeaster…
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A 7.1 magnitude earthquake struck off the coast of eastern Japan late Saturday evening but there were no immediate…
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RT @EZR4L: Sana sini dalam news kat Japan dah minta prepare siap emergency bag untuk evacuation masa earthquake. So kena buat apa? Or kena…
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RT @femtech_japan: 21/2/15(月)AM9時締切まで あと約22時間 #オルタナチュラル さんより1名様に #吸水ショーツ #ルナチュラショーツ #プレゼント ★応募方法 ① @olter_offici…
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前橋1レース 本線◉ 2-4=3.1 抑え◯ 1-6-7.4.2 #前橋競輪 #競輪予想
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RT @discoverearth_: Cherry blossoms in Japan 🌸💚🌸
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@stillmylcdy CIX CINEMA CIX MOVIE STAR CIX JUNGLE CIX NUMB CIX DANCE CIX VOCAL CIX RAPPER CIX LEADER CIX BX CIX SEU…
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This girl stood in front of the CCTV of Japan Embassy and trying to show the world what’s happening in Myanmar! We…
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RT @dodo: For anyone who needs a little love this Valentine's Day 💞
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@Lalika79 Germany / Japan border walay Kahan Gay’e @_Mansoor_Ali @HamidMirPAK @SaleemKhanSafi @asmashirazi
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カテコで金ちゃんが後ろ向いてJAPANの文字みせてくれた、赤也が常勝立海やってくれた、配信特典で金ちゃんがアイワナミートアゲインゆってくれた、3rdのオタクは涙した
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久々に、本格的な二郎ラーメンを食べた❗ 家系もいいけど、二郎系もいいんだよなー(^o^;) どっちも根強い人気だわ🎵
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RT @SE4LEN4: Anyway, there was an earthquake in Japan. Not sure which location but this is obviously massive. I pray for everyone’s safety.…
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RT @EZR4L: Sana sini dalam news kat Japan dah minta prepare siap emergency bag untuk evacuation masa earthquake. So kena buat apa? Or kena…
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@RupiSpeaks @Rajchakrabory17 @amaanbali As if there was no price rise in Congress govermets petrol was getting at r…
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@Raneru_Yominaga いいねそれ!!
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RT @EZR4L: Sana sini dalam news kat Japan dah minta prepare siap emergency bag untuk evacuation masa earthquake. So kena buat apa? Or kena…
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RT @SiaFurlerDaily: "Oh, together, we can take it higher" - A literally 'sweet' tribute to @Sia's latest release #Music 🌈 📸 - norico0807 f…
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#日本 #東北 #宮城 #料理 #グルメ #japan #観光 #旅行 #TravelJapan #Japanesefood #STAYHOME ギフト マルトヨ食品 さんまくん 4本 化粧箱入り×1箱 宮城県 気仙沼 まるごと…
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2021.03.06 19:00 NTTdocomo新体感ライブCONNECT Special Live 『TWICE in Wonderland』 Teaser SANA <ONCE JAPAN OFFICIAL SHOP>…
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RT @rakutentv_japan: / 🎁フォロー&リツイートで当たる! 2️⃣0️⃣0️⃣0️⃣0️⃣ #楽天ポイント プレゼント🎉 \ 🔻応募方法 1️⃣@rakutentv_japanをフォロー 2️⃣この投稿をRT🔁 ※注意事項:
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@tuttiq Mainly LINE and Facebook group. I think comparing outside Japan, Japanese people really like to use Twitter…
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RT @nytimes: Japan’s economy rebounded sharply in the last three months of 2020, government data showed. Still, analysts say trouble lies a…
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RT @shidahikaru: AEW女子トーナメントside Japanの一回戦がいよいよ明日公開されます。 どなたでもご視聴になれますよ✨ これを機にぜひチャンネル登録もよろしくお願い致します! リマインダーセットしてね!
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RT @DeptofDefense: Firing line. @3d_Marine_Div members participate in a live-fire machine gun exercise during Artillery Relocation Training…
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@deenstay sama yg ucapan valentine japan,udah mleyot stay😭
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RT @stayspedia_id: [TIKTOK] 210215 | @.straykids_japan Seungmin dan Han❤️ 🔗 @Stray_Kids #StrayKids #스트레이키즈 #S…
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RT @jimanfc1306: 210215 | Japan Fanclub BTS CORNER [NEW] Wallpaper #1 #JHOPE #HOSEOK @BTS_twt #BTS
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@NikkeiAsia @GearoidReidy So they need about 10 days to vaccinate about 20.000 people. Why is Japan acting sooooo slow????
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@felixiscuteuwu @allkpop It's on their japan page :/
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Nice to meet you all over the world! I am a junior high school student in Japan.I will post various things! #Hello…
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RT @johnnysuhdaily: Johnny says he want to go to Japan and that fans have been waiting a long time too 🥺 #JOHNNY #쟈니 #ジャニー #NCT127
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RT @suhjohnnypic: 210215 - NCT 127 Gimme Gimme MV Behind (FUJI PRESS) Johnny saying he wants to visit Japan 😿 🐱: I want to go to Japan t…
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RT @EZR4L: Sana sini dalam news kat Japan dah minta prepare siap emergency bag untuk evacuation masa earthquake. So kena buat apa? Or kena…
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RT @jimanfc1306: 210204 | Japan Fanclub BTS CORNER [NEW] Wallpaper #1 #RM #NAMJOON @BTS_twt #BTS
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RT @stayspedia_id: [TIKTOK] 210215 | @.straykids_japan Seungmin dan Han❤️ 🔗 @Stray_Kids #StrayKids #스트레이키즈 #S…
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RT @pja_chan: 🌸2021 Starbucks Japan Sakura Limited Edition🌸 Tahun ni pon i ambil order lagi! Below is the price list. Since the quantity i…
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#japan#mountfuji
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Paradise -Japan( Hokkaido )
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Shinjuku streets in Tokyo, Japan. Check out top photography from Tokyo Japan Travel Destinations | Japan Honeymoon | Backpack Japan | Backpacking Japan | Japan Vacation | Japan Photography | Asia Wanderlust #travel #honeymoon #vacation #backpacking #budgettravel #offthebeatenpath #bucketlist #wanderlust #Japan #Asia #exploreJapan #visitJapan #TravelJapan #JapanTravel
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Fushimi Inari Shrine! 10 Best Things to do in Kyoto, Japan. One of the best towns in Japan. #Kyoto #Japan #avenlylanetravel #traveltips #asia #japantravel
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Beautiful photo of the foliage at the Nanzenji temple in Kyoto, one of the most beautiful temples in Kyoto. Click for inspiration for the best temples to visit in Kyoto. #travel #asia #japan #kyoto #foilage
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andantegrazioso: “Pink Japan | tomo_74_ ”
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Takaragawa Onsen, Minakami, Japan
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japan Pinterest Ideas
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Dec 9, 2019 05:41
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Naturaleza y vos ..... Siempre asi############# . .. ... . .. ....#japan #gay #polishboy #instagay #tbt #poland #polishgay #like4likes #gayfollow #india #instaboy #warsaw #instagood #cute #handsome #photooftheday #picoftheday #polskichlopak #man #gayguy #gaylike  #follow #f4f #likeme #gayman #insta#gaystagram #polska #likeforlikes #thai
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#poland #f4f #instaboy #gay #gaylike
Dec 18, 2019 06:07
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La constancia en el deporte libera endorfinas. No dejes que la pereza te vuelva como no seas ser!! ... ... .... ... ... .. . .. . .. . ... .... .. ....#japan #gay #polishboy #instagay #tbt #poland #polishgay #like4likes #gayfollow #india #instaboy #warsaw #instagood #cute #handsome #photooftheday #picoftheday #polskichlopak #man #gayguy #gaylike  #follow #f4f #likeme #gayman #insta#gaystagram #polska #likeforlikes #thai
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#warsaw #man #handsome #instagood #insta
Dec 22, 2019 19:30
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Aveces con solo levantarte te sentís explendido y con ganas de disfrutar al máximo de tu vida, vivirla!. ..... ... .. . .. ....#japan #gay #polishboy #instagay #tbt #poland #polishgay #like4likes #gayfollow #india #instaboy #warsaw #instagood #cute #handsome #photooftheday #picoftheday #polskichlopak #man #gayguy #gaylike  #follow #f4f #likeme #gayman #insta#gaystagram #polska #likeforlikes #thai
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Dec 28, 2019 04:01
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Que la música sea el zumbido que te guíe en las decisiones importantes ......🥳🥳🥳🙈 🌀🌀🌀 🌀🌀🌀 🌀🌀🌀 . ... .. .. .. ... ... .. ....#japan #gay #polishboy #instagay #tbt #poland #polishgay #like4likes #gayfollow #india #instaboy #warsaw #instagood #cute #handsome #photooftheday #picoftheday #polskichlopak #man #gayguy #gaylike  #follow #f4f #likeme #gayman #insta#gaystagram #polska #likeforlikes #thai
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#likeforlikes #polska #follow #man #instaboy
Jun 28, 2020 14:44
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#photography #japan #風景 #風景写真 #landscape #写真 #tokyo #station #retro
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#retro #japan #photography #landscape #station
Jul 2, 2020 20:18
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Вселенная!!! Я хочу чувствовать босыми ногами песок, хочу забыть про расписание и жить текущим моментом, хочу строить замки из песка, чтобы с радостным визгом мохнатый мокрый нос их разрушал!!! / Сегодня в #прокачай_арт_аккаунт8 офигенное задание!!! Выявить самый залайканный пост... 🥳 вот он!!! #прокачай_арт_аккаунт_лайки / / #SawaART#illustration #illustrator #sawaart #vacation #artlife #instagramanet #illustration #ocean#girl #china#japan #childrenillustrations#yoga #illustration_the_best#disney#girl#moana #childrenillustration#childrenillustrations #cat #детскаяиллюстрация#digital_портрет#моана#procreate#портрет#fashionillustration#дисней#вместесwacom @disney @disneyrussia
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#vacation #cat #childrenillustration #procreate #girl
Jul 5, 2020 17:21
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Japanese Waters 東京の雨 Tokyo under rain . . . #cityscape #architecturephotography #nightlights #tokyo #rain #tokyotower #japan #water #fujixseries
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#architecturephotography #tokyo #fujixseries #japan #cityscape
Jul 5, 2020 18:00
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. . . . . . . . . #moodygrams #scape #eyeshot_magazine #naturelovers #glow #storytelling #japan #poetry #東京カメラ部 #scenery #日本 #glow #bokeh #peoplescreatives #art_of_japan_ #光景 #contemporaryart #ig_artistry #vscocam #bnw #minimalism #instaart #color #subjectivelyobjective #space #green #water #garden #photooftheday #water #realgoodmag #summer
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#green #minimalism #japan #vscocam #ig_artistry
Jul 6, 2020 07:21
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1400 hplik bir canavar😈 . . . . . . . . . #cars #bmw #supercar #mpower #jdm #stance #nissan #explore #honda #subaru #turbo #jdmgram #toyota #car #drift #gtr #carswithoutlimits #japan #wrx #sti #nismo #boost #subie #brz #supra #evo #jdm #rb26 #r35 #r34
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#stance #sti #jdmgram #mpower #cars
Jul 6, 2020 07:19
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#mylove#my_wife#my_baby_girl#my_lover#itaizu#itaizu#itaizu#itachixizumi#itachixizumi#itachixizumi#itachixizumi💕#itachiizumi#itachiandizumi ##we_love_each_other_soo_much💞#itaizumi #like_follow_comment#thanks#tv_tokyo#anime#team_7#manga#uzumaki#shippuden#uchihaclan#boruto_shippuden#uchiha_itachix_uchiha_izumi#ship_lovers#anime_lovers#japan#itaizu💙#itaizu♥
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#uchiha_itachix_uchiha_izumi #itachiizumi #itachiandizumi #uchihaclan #mylove